CONSTITUTION OF HELENSBURGH
HERITAGE TRUST SCIO
type of organisation, Scottish principal office, name, purposes, powers, liability, general structure
clauses 1 - 10
qualifications for membership, application, subscription, register of members, withdrawal, transfer, re-registration, expulsion, termination
clauses 11 - 23
DECISION-MAKING BY THE MEMBERS
members’ meetings, power to request members’ meeting, notice, procedure at members’ meetings, voting at members’ meetings, written resolutions, minutes
clauses 24 - 49
BOARD (CHARITY TRUSTEES)
number, eligibility, election/ retiral/re-election, termination of office, register of charity trustees, office bearers, powers, general duties, code of conduct
clauses 50 - 77
DECISION-MAKING BY THE CHARITY TRUSTEES
notice, procedure at board meetings, minutes
clauses 78 - 92
sub-committees, operation of accounts, accounting records and annual accounts
clauses 93 - 101
winding up, alterations to the constitution, interpretation
clauses 102 - 107
Type of organisation
1 The organisation will, upon registration, be a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation (SCIO).
Scottish principal office
2 The principal office of the organisation will be in Scotland (and must remain in Scotland).
3 The name of the organisation is “Helensburgh Heritage Trust”.
4 The object for which the Trust is established is to advance the education of the public generally and particularly the inhabitants of the Town of Helensburgh and the surrounding areas by the preservation, restoration, enhancement, display and maintenance of features and objects of local historical, arts and arts related, architectural, archaeological or genealogical interest in or germane to the Helensburgh area; and to promote a wider appreciation of the heritage and history of the area by means of providing and maintaining any or all of the following a Heritage Centre; exhibitions and educational facilities; meetings, lectures and tours; publications; and other appropriate facilities and events.
5 The organisation has power to do anything which is calculated to further its purposes or is conducive or incidental to doing so.
6 No part of the income or property of the organisation may be paid or transferred (directly or indirectly) to the members - either in the course of the organisation’s existence or on dissolution - except where this is done in direct furtherance of the organisation’s charitable purposes.
Liability of members
7 The members of the organisation have no liability to pay any sums to help to meet the debts (or other liabilities) of the organisation if it is wound up; accordingly, if the organisation is unable to meet its debts, the members will not be held responsible.
8 The members and charity trustees have certain legal duties under the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005; and clause 7 does not exclude (or limit) any personal liabilities they might incur if they are in breach of those duties or in breach of other legal obligations or duties that apply to them personally.
9 The structure of the organisation consists of:-
9.1 the MEMBERS - who have the right to attend members' meetings (including any annual general meeting) and have important powers under the constitution; in particular, the members appoint people to serve on the board and take decisions on changes to the constitution itself;
9.2 the BOARD - who hold regular meetings, and generally control the activities of the organisation; for example, the board is responsible for monitoring and controlling the financial position of the organisation.
10 The people serving on the board are referred to in this constitution as CHARITY TRUSTEES.
Qualifications for membership
11 Membership is open to
11.1 any individual aged 16 or over
11.2 any individual who has been nominated for membership by an unincorporated body.
11A. No more than one individual nominated under paragraph 11.2 by each unincorporated body may be a member of the organisation at any given time.
12 Employees of the organisation are not eligible for membership.
Application for membership
13 Any person who wishes to become a member must sign a written application for membership; in the case of an application under paragraph 11.2, the application must also be signed by an appropriate office bearer of the unincorporated body which is nominating him/her for membership. The written application must be lodged with Helensburgh Heritage Trust along with a remittance to meet the annual or life membership subscription.
13A. An application for membership received by Helensburgh Heritage Trust will be considered by the board at the next board meeting.
14 The board may, at its discretion, refuse to admit any person to membership.
15 The board must notify each applicant promptly (in writing or by e-mail) of its decision on whether or not to admit him/her to membership. If the decision was to refuse admission, the board shall return to the applicant the remittance lodged by him/her under clause 13.
16. Members shall require to pay an annual membership subscription or a life membership subscription; unless and until otherwise determined by the members.
16A. The annual membership subscriptions shall be payable on or before 1st April in each year.
16B. The members may vary the amount of the annual membership subscription and/or the date on which it falls due in each year, by way of a resolution to that effect passed at an AGM.
16C. If the membership subscription payable by any member remains outstanding more than 13 weeks after the date on which it fell due - and providing he/she has been given at least one written reminder - the board may, by resolution to that effect, remove him/her from membership.
16D. A person who ceases (for whatever reason) to be a member shall not be entitled to any refund of the membership subscription.
Register of members
17 The board must keep a register of members, setting out
17.1 for each current member:
17.1.1 his/her full name and address; and
17.1.2 the date on which he/she was registered as a member of Helensburgh Heritage Trust; and
17.1.3 (in the case of an individual nominated under paragraph 11.2) the name of the unincorporated body which nominated him/her for membership
17.2.1 for each former member - for at least six years from the date on which he/she ceased
to be a member:
17.2.2 his/her name; and
17.2.3 the date on which he/she ceased to be a member.
18 The board must ensure that the register of members is updated within 28 days of any change:
18.1 which arises from a resolution of the board or a resolution passed by the members of the organisation; or
18.2 which is notified to the organisation.
19 If a member or charity trustee of the organisation requests a copy of the register of members, the board must ensure that a copy is supplied to him/her within 28 days, providing the request is reasonable; if the request is made by a member (rather than a charity trustee), the board may provide a copy which has the addresses blanked out.
Withdrawal from membership
20 Any person who wants to withdraw from membership must give a written notice of withdrawal to the organisation, signed by him/her; he/she will cease to be a member as from the time when the notice is received by the organisation.
20A. An unincorporated body which has nominated an individual for membership may withdraw its nomination at any time by written notice to the organisation to that effect, signed by an appropriate office bearer of that body; on receipt of the notice by the organisation, the individual in question shall automatically cease to be a member of the organisation .
Transfer of membership
21 Membership of the organisation may not be transferred by a member.
Removal from membership
22 Any person may be removed from membership by way of a resolution passed by not less than two thirds of those present and voting at a members' meeting, providing the following procedures have been observed:-
22.1 at least 21 days’ notice of the intention to propose the resolution must be given to the member concerned, specifying the grounds for the proposed removal;
22.2 the member concerned will be entitled to be heard on the resolution at the members' meeting at which the resolution is proposed.
23 Membership of the organisation will terminate on death or (in the case of an individual admitted to membership on the basis of nomination by an unincorporated body) if the unincorporated body is dissolved
DECISION-MAKING BY THE MEMBERS
24 The board must arrange a meeting of members (an annual general meeting or "AGM") in each calendar year.
25 The gap between one AGM and the next must not be longer than 15 months.
26 Notwithstanding clause 24, an AGM does not need to be held during the calendar year in which the organisation is formed; but the first AGM must still be held within 15 months of the date on which the organisation is formed.
27 The business of each AGM must include:-
27.1 a report by the chair on the activities of the organisation;
27.2 consideration of the annual accounts of the organisation;
27.3 the election/re-election of charity trustees, as referred to in clauses 55 to 58.
28 The board may arrange a special members' meeting at any time.
Power to request the board to arrange a special members’ meeting
29 The board must arrange a special members’ meeting if they are requested to do so by a notice (which may take the form of two or more documents in the same terms, each signed by one or more members) by members who amount to 5% or more of the total membership of the organisation at the time, providing:
29.1 the notice states the purposes for which the meeting is to be held; and
29.2 those purposes are not inconsistent with the terms of this constitution, the Charities and Trustee (Investment) Scotland Act 2005 or any other statutory provision.
30 If the board receive a notice under clause 29, the date for the meeting which they arrange in accordance with the notice must not be later than 28 days from the date on which they received the notice.
Notice of members’ meetings
31 At least 14 clear days’ notice must be given of any AGM or any special members' meeting.
32 The notice calling a members' meeting must specify in general terms what business is to be dealt with at the meeting; and
32.1 in the case of a resolution to alter the constitution, must set out the exact terms of the proposed alteration(s); or
32.2 in the case of any other resolution falling within clause 43 (requirement for two-thirds majority) must set out the exact terms of the resolution.
33 The reference to “clear days” in clause 31 shall be taken to mean that, in calculating the period of notice,
33.1 the day after the notices are posted (or sent by e-mail) should be excluded; and
33.2 the day of the meeting itself should also be excluded.
34 Notice of every members' meeting must be given to all the members of the organisation, and to all the charity trustees; but the accidental omission to give notice to one or more members will not invalidate the proceedings at the meeting.
35 Any notice which requires to be given to a member under this constitution must be: -
35.1 sent by post to the member, at the address last notified by him/her to the organisation; or
35.2 sent by e-mail to the member, at the e-mail address last notified by him/her to the organisation.
Procedure at members’ meetings
36 No valid decisions can be taken at any members' meeting unless a quorum is present.
37 The quorum for a members' meeting is 10 members, present in person.
38 If a quorum is not present within 15 minutes after the time at which a members' meeting was due to start - or if a quorum ceases to be present during a members' meeting - the meeting cannot proceed; and fresh notices of meeting will require to be sent out, to deal with the business (or remaining business) which was intended to be conducted.
39 The chair of the organisation should act as chairperson of each members' meeting.
40 If the chair of the organisation is not present within 15 minutes after the time at which the meeting was due to start (or is not willing to act as chairperson), the charity trustees present at the meeting must elect (from among themselves) the person who will act as chairperson of that meeting.
Voting at members’ meetings
41 Every member has one vote, which must be given personally.
42 All decisions at members' meetings will be made by majority vote - with the exception of the types of resolution listed in clause 43
43 The following resolutions will be valid only if passed by not less than two thirds of those voting on the resolution at a members’ meeting (or if passed by way of a written resolution under clause 47):
43.1 a resolution amending the constitution;
43.2 a resolution removing a person from membership under clause 22;
43.3 a resolution directing the board to take any particular step (or directing the board not to take any particular step);
43.4 a resolution approving the amalgamation of the organisation with another SCIO (or approving the constitution of the new SCIO to be constituted as the successor pursuant to that amalgamation);
43.5 a resolution to the effect that all of the organisation’s property, rights and liabilities should be transferred to another SCIO (or agreeing to the transfer from another SCIO of all of its property, rights and liabilities);
43.6 a resolution for the winding up or dissolution of the organisation.
44 If there is an equal number of votes for and against any resolution, the chairperson of the meeting will be entitled to a second (casting) vote.
45 A resolution put to the vote at a members' meeting will be decided on a show of hands - unless the chairperson (or at least two other members present at the meeting) ask for a secret ballot.
46 The chairperson will decide how any secret ballot is to be conducted, and he/she will declare the result of the ballot at the
Written resolutions by members
47 A resolution agreed to in writing (or by e-mail) by all the members will be as valid as if it had been passed at a members’ meeting; the date of the resolution will be taken to be the date on which the last member agreed to it.
48 The board must ensure that proper minutes are kept in relation to all members' meetings.
49 Minutes of members' meetings must include the names of those present; and (so far as possible) should be signed by the chairperson of the meeting.
Number of charity trustees
50 The maximum number of charity trustees is 10.
51 The minimum number of charity trustees is 5.
52 A person shall not be eligible for election/appointment to the board under clauses 54 to 57 unless he/she is a member of the organisation.
53 A person will not be eligible for election or appointment to the board if he/she is: -
53.1 disqualified from being a charity trustee under the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005; or
53.2 an employee of the organisation.
Initial charity trustees
54 The individuals who signed the charity trustee declaration forms which accompanied the application for incorporation of the organisation shall be deemed to have been appointed by the members as charity trustees with effect from the date of incorporation of the organisation.
Election, retiral, re-election
55 At each AGM, the members may elect any member (unless he/she is debarred from membership under clause 53) to be a charity trustee.
56 The board may at any time appoint any member (unless he/she is debarred from membership under clause 53) to be a charity trustee.
57 At the first AGM, one third (to the nearest round number) of the charity trustees elected/appointed under clauses 55 and 56 (and, in the case of the first AGM, those deemed to have been appointed under clause 54) shall retire from office; the question of which of them is to retire shall be determined by some random method.
57 At each AGM (other than the first) Any charity trustees appointed under clause 60 during the period since the preceding AGM shall retire from office;
57A A. Out of the remaining charity trustees elected/appointed under clauses 59 and 60, one third (to the nearest round number) shall retire from office.
57A B. The charity trustees to retire under paragraph 57AA.2 shall be those who have been longest in office since they were last elected or re-elected; as between persons who were last elected/re-elected on the same date, the question of which of them is to retire shall be determined by some random method.
57A C. A charity trustee who retires from office under clause 57 or 57AA shall be eligible for re-election.
- 58A charity trustee retiring at an AGM will be deemed to have been re-elected unless: -
58.1 he/she advises the board prior to the conclusion of the AGM that he/she does not wish to be re-appointed as a charity trustee; or
58.2 an election process was held at the AGM and he/she was not among those elected/re-elected through that process; or
58.3 a resolution for the re-election of that charity trustee was put to the AGM and was not carried.
Termination of office
59 A charity trustee will automatically cease to hold office if: -
59.1 he/she becomes disqualified from being a charity trustee under the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005;
59.2 he/she becomes incapable for medical reasons of carrying out his/her duties as a charity trustee - but only if that has continued (or is expected to continue) for a period of more than six months;
59.3 (in the case of a charity trustee elected/appointed under clauses 54 to 58) he/she ceases to be a member of the organisation;
59.4 he/she becomes an employee of the organisation;
59.5 he/she gives the organisation a notice of resignation, signed by him/her;
59.6 he/she is absent (without good reason, in the opinion of the board) from more than three consecutive meetings of the board - but only if the board resolves to remove him/her from office;
59.7 he/she is removed from office by resolution of the board on the grounds that he/she is considered to have committed a material breach of the code of conduct for charity trustees (as referred to in clause 76);
59.8 he/she is removed from office by resolution of the board on the grounds that he/she is considered to have been in serious or persistent breach of his/her duties under section 66(1) or (2) of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005; or
59.9 he/she is removed from office by a resolution of the members passed at a members’ meeting.
60 A resolution under paragraph 59.7, 59.8 or 59.9 shall be valid only if: -
60.1 the charity trustee who is the subject of the resolution is given reasonable prior written notice of the grounds upon which the resolution for his/her removal is to be proposed;
60.2 the charity trustee concerned is given the opportunity to address the meeting at which the resolution is proposed, prior to the resolution being put to the vote; and
60.3 (in the case of a resolution under paragraph 59.7 or 59.8) at least two thirds (to the nearest round number) of the charity trustees then in office vote in favour of the resolution.
Register of charity trustees
61.1 for each current charity trustee:
61.1.1 his/her full name and address;
61.1.2 the date on which he/she was appointed as a charity trustee; and
61.1.3 any office held by him/her in the organisation;
61.2 for each former charity trustee - for at least 6 years from the date on which he/she ceased to be a charity trustee:
61.2.1 the name of the charity trustee;
61.2.2 any office held by him/her in the organisation; and
61.2.3 the date on which he/she ceased to be a charity trustee.
62 The board must ensure that the register of charity trustees is updated within 28 days of any change:
62.1 which arises from a resolution of the board or a resolution passed by the members of the organisation; or
62.2 which is notified to the organisation.
63 If any person requests a copy of the register of charity trustees, the board must ensure that a copy is supplied to him/her within 28 days, providing the request is reasonable; if the request is made by a person who is not a charity trustee of the organisation, the board may provide a copy which has the addresses blanked out - if the SCIO is satisfied that including that information is likely to jeopardise the safety or security of any person or premises.
64 The charity trustees must elect (from among themselves) a chair, a treasurer and a secretary.
65 In addition to the office-bearers required under clause 64, the charity trustees may elect (from among themselves) further office-bearers if they consider that appropriate.
66 All of the office-bearers will cease to hold office at the conclusion of each AGM, but may then be re-elected under clause 64 or 65.
67 A person elected to any office will automatically cease to hold that office: -
67.1 if he/she ceases to be a charity trustee; or
67.2 if he/she gives to the organisation a notice of resignation from that office, signed by him/her.
Powers of board
68 Except where this constitution states otherwise, the organisation (and its assets and operations) will be managed by the board; and the board may exercise all the powers of the organisation.
69 A meeting of the board at which a quorum is present may exercise all powers exercisable by the board.
70 The members may, by way of a resolution passed in compliance with clause 43 (requirement for two-thirds majority), direct the board to take any particular step or direct the board not to take any particular step; and the board shall give effect to any such direction accordingly.
Charity trustees - general duties
71 Each of the charity trustees has a duty, in exercising functions as a charity trustee, to act in the interests of the organisation; and, in particular, must:-
71.1 seek, in good faith, to ensure that the organisation acts in a manner which is in accordance with its purposes;
71.2 act with the care and diligence which it is reasonable to expect of a person who is managing the affairs of another person;
71.3 in circumstances giving rise to the possibility of a conflict of interest between the organisation and any other party:
71.3.1 put the interests of the organisation before that of the other party;
71.3.2 where any other duty prevents him/her from doing so, disclose the conflicting interest to the organisation and refrain from participating in any deliberation or decision of the other charity trustees with regard to the matter in question;
71.4 ensure that the organisation complies with any direction, requirement, notice or duty imposed under or by virtue of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005.
72 In addition to the duties outlined in clause 71, all of the charity trustees must take such steps as are reasonably practicable for the purpose of ensuring: -
72.1 that any breach of any of those duties by a charity trustee is corrected by the charity trustee concerned and not repeated; and
72.2 that any trustee who has been in serious and persistent breach of those duties is removed as a trustee.
73 Provided he/she has declared his/her interest - and has not voted on the question of whether or not the organisation should enter into the arrangement - a charity trustee will not be debarred from entering into an arrangement with the organisation in which he/she has a personal interest; and (subject to clause 74 and to the provisions relating to remuneration for services contained in the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005), he/she may retain any personal benefit which arises from that arrangement.
74 No charity trustee may serve as an employee (full time or part time) of the organisation; and no charity trustee may be given any remuneration by the organisation for carrying out his/her duties as a charity trustee.
75 The charity trustees may be paid all travelling and other expenses reasonably incurred by them in connection with carrying out their duties; this may include expenses relating to their attendance at meetings.
Code of conduct for charity trustees
76 Each of the charity trustees shall comply with the code of conduct (incorporating detailed rules on conflict of interest) prescribed by the board from time to time.
77 The code of conduct referred to in clause 76 shall be supplemental to the provisions relating to the conduct of charity trustees contained in this constitution and the duties imposed on charity trustees under the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005; and all relevant provisions of this constitution shall be interpreted and applied in accordance with the provisions of the code of conduct in force from time to time.
DECISION-MAKING BY THE CHARITY TRUSTEES
Notice of board meetings
79 Any charity trustee may call a meeting of the board or ask the secretary to call a meeting of the board.
80 At least 7 days' notice must be given of each board meeting, unless (in the opinion of the person calling the meeting) there is a degree of urgency which makes that inappropriate.
Procedure at board meetings
81 No valid decisions can be taken at a board meeting unless a quorum is present; the quorum for board meetings is 5 charity trustees, present in person.
82 If at any time the number of charity trustees in office falls below the number stated as the quorum in clause 81, the remaining charity trustee(s) will have power to fill the vacancies or call a members' meeting - but will not be able to take any other valid decisions.
83 The chair of the organisation should act as chairperson of each board meeting.
84 If the chair is not present within 15 minutes after the time at which the meeting was due to start (or is not willing to act as chairperson), the charity trustees present at the meeting must elect (from among themselves) the person who will act as chairperson of that meeting.
85 Every charity trustee has one vote, which must be given personally.
86 All decisions at board meetings will be made by majority vote.
87 If there is an equal number of votes for and against any resolution, the chairperson of the meeting will be entitled to a second (casting) vote.
88 The board may, at its discretion, allow any person to attend and speak at a board meeting notwithstanding that he/she is not a charity trustee - but on the basis that he/she must not participate in decision-making.
89 A charity trustee must not vote at a board meeting (or at a meeting of a sub-committee) on any resolution which relates to a matter in which he/she has a personal interest or duty which conflicts (or may conflict) with the interests of the organisation; he/she must withdraw from the meeting while an item of that nature is being dealt with.
90 For the purposes of clause 89: -
90.1 an interest held by an individual who is “connected” with the charity trustee under section 68(2) of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 (husband/wife, partner, child, parent, brother/sister etc) shall be deemed to be held by that charity trustee;
90.2 a charity trustee will be deemed to have a personal interest in relation to a particular matter if a body in relation to which he/she is an employee, director, member of the management committee, officer or elected representative has an interest in that matter.
91 The board must ensure that proper minutes are kept in relation to all board meetings and meetings of sub-committees.
92 The minutes to be kept under clause 91 must include the names of those present; and (so far as possible) should be signed by the chairperson of the meeting.
Delegation to sub-committees
93 The board may delegate any of their powers to sub-committees; a sub-committee must include at least one charity trustee, but other members of a sub-committee need not be charity trustees.
94 The board may also delegate to the chair of the organisation (or the holder of any other post) such of their powers as they may consider appropriate.
95 When delegating powers under clause 93 or 94, the board must set out appropriate conditions (which must include an obligation to report regularly to the board).
96 Any delegation of powers under clause 93 or 94 may be revoked or altered by the board at any time.
97 The rules of procedure for each sub-committee, and the provisions relating to membership of each sub-committee, shall be set by the board.
Operation of accounts
98 Subject to clause 99, the signatures of two out of three signatories appointed by the board will be required in relation to all operations (other than the lodging of funds) on the bank and building society accounts held by the organisation; at least one out of the two signatures must be the signature of a charity trustee.
99 Where the organisation uses electronic facilities for the operation of any bank or building society account, the authorisations required for operations on that account must be consistent with the approach reflected in clause 98.
Accounting records and annual accounts
100 The board must ensure that proper accounting records are kept, in accordance with all applicable statutory requirements.
101 The board must prepare annual accounts, complying with all relevant statutory requirements; if an audit is required under any statutory provisions (or if the board consider that an audit would be appropriate for some other reason), the board should ensure that an audit of the accounts is carried out by a qualified auditor.
102 If the organisation is to be wound up or dissolved, the winding-up or dissolution process will be carried out in accordance with the procedures set out under the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005.
103 Any surplus assets available to the organisation immediately preceding its winding up or dissolution must be used for purposes which are the same as - or which closely resemble - the purposes of the organisation as set out in this constitution.
Alterations to the constitution
104 Be altered by resolution of the members passed at a members’ meeting (subject to achieving the two thirds majority referred to in clause 43) or by way of a written resolution of the
105 The Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 prohibits taking certain steps (eg change of name, an alteration to the purposes, amalgamation, winding-up) without the consent of the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR).
106 References in this constitution to the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 should be taken to include: -
106.1 any statutory provision which adds to, modifies or replaces that Act; and
106.2 any statutory instrument issued in pursuance of that Act or in pursuance of any statutory provision falling under paragraph 106.1 above.
107 In this constitution: -
107.1 “charity” means a body which is either a “Scottish charity” within the meaning of section 13 of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 or a “charity” within the meaning of section 1 of the Charities Act 2011, providing (in either case) that its objects are limited to charitable purposes;
107.2 “charitable purpose” means a charitable purpose under section 7 of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 which is also regarded as a charitable purpose in relation to the application of the Taxes Acts.